List Categories | List All Articles | List Articles By Title
CD Mastering using Har-Bal
Feel free to download the entire manual detailing the mastering process from Har-Bal complete with pictures of all the tools needed to create a great sounding mastered cd .
Please remember that you can experiment with different presets in Waves LMB. If you want light limiting use the "Adaptive Multi Electro Mastering" preset and follow the same process..
Whichever sound editor(Sound Forge, WaveLab, Cool Edit) you are using you should have a method to look at the statistics of your track.
Sound Forge ....Tools/Statistics Wavelab Analysis/Global Analysis
I am sure there are others in the forum that can give you the path in their editors
You want to pay special attention to your RMS levels. You should adjust these based on the genre of the music.
I know there are a few mastering engineers out there that hate the loudness war (rightfully so) happening with certain types of music. But the fact remains, if your music isn't matching in volume to another song in your genre it will appear weak sounding. These are just the times we are living in.
1. Check your RMS level in your mix....lets say the average RMS is -17.34 in your track. 2. We need to get it to -10 or -11 to suitably fit in with other similar songs. 3. Take out your calculator and input 17.34 and now subtract 10.00 you should get 7.34 This is the number we are shooting for. and will probably be the number you feed into your limiter. (Remember with RMS levels the lower the number the louder the song)
You can input this number as a negative into your limiter and your RMS level for your overall loudness will be -10.00
For example: Which song is louder RMS level -18.23 or -12.16
-12.16 is louder
Quite a few mastering engineers use what they call a mastering chain and during the course of building or fattening the song they already have an idea what they would like the end result (RMS) to be.
As you get into mastering deeper you will find that it is more than just sticking a number into the limiter and your done.
A mastering chain should consist of the following: (Below are some options)
1. When you are finished mixing a track, input it into Har-Bal and check for peaks and valleys. 2. Open a wave editor (wavelab, sound forge) 3. Place the following plugins into the chain in this order and save as a preset.
a) Waves Q10 Paragraphic EQ (or something similar) b) Linear Phase Multiband Compressor c) Stereo Imager - Correct any phase issues and RMS mismatches d) Limiter - Always use this and set the outceiling for -0.1
Now keep in mind that you may not need to use every one of these each time and can simply bypass any of them.
Always, always listen to your song at 85db while mastering. This is not loud and it enables you to darn near HEAR your music almost flat. You can pick up a sound pressure meter from any Radio Shack (roughly $30.00). If your song is too bassy or trebly you will know immediately at this volume. I am sure there are some more engineers in this forum who can elaborate on this concept a little more scientifically.
Three meters you should always have open are: All software included with Wavelab
Phasescope - To check the stereo image
Level Meter - Checking the peak and rms levels constantly (Make sure you are buliding up the song without clipping) How is it sounding....constantly keeping the levels at 85db by bringing down my main volume. In other words even though I am increasing The overall volume I am still maintaining my listening level.
Spectrum Analyzer - checking for sudden spikes and overall patterns
You should get into the habit of taking any commercial song and studying them while these meters are running. It will open a whole new world of understanding.
If you master your next project better than the last, you are only getting better. Get used to it. You will discover on a daily basis the real concept of mastering and the real reason why there are no perfect settings that can be used with every song.
The trick is to listen to a song completely and KNOW which tools to use. This knowledge comes from an understanding of the functionality of those tools.
Har-Bal International www.har-bal.com
Earle Holder is well known to American music artists, and is one of the few top legendary award winning mastering engineers who have managed to gain worldwide recognition for his work and is a rare individual, born with "golden ears", a definite prerequisite to becoming a great mastering engineer.
His home site is http://www.hdqtrz.com
How To Play Guitar Like a Pro!
Having taught the guitar for many years, I see the majority of beginners experiencing the same problems and making the same mistakes over and over again in their quest to learn how to play guitar. It's my job to steer them through these problem areas.
Structure Of A Successful Music Website
Ideally each page of your website should serve a specific purpose. The main purpose of the sales page for your cd is to sell the cd.
Songs Await Singer
I Want To Grow Old With You (C)Chorus: I want to grow old with you..
New Age Piano Tricks
One of the things that makes New Age piano so enjoyable is that it's easy to get started.One of the "tricks" of the trade is to play an ostinato pattern in the left-hand while the right improvises a melody.
The Downfall Of The #1 Southern Gospel Station
Back in the 90's we had a local Southern Gospel station (I can't remember the name. You'll see why if you keep reading).
MP3 Music Subscription Services. A Good Deal?
There's a reason Apple Computer dominates the legal 99-cents-a-download digital music scene: It does it right. Apple's iPods set the style and ease-of-use standards that other portable music players must try (so far unsuccessfully) to match.
How To Write A Song
Did you ever wish that it was your song playing on the radio? It could be. It is not that hard once you know the formula.
Songwriting - The Art of Writing a Good Song
Did you know that good songwriting is often the key to establishing a successful music career? But more than that, it can be fun! When you write a song you are able to express yourself in new and creative ways. Whether you're sad, happy, angry, or in love.
The music of Rush influences and inspires, at least that's what it's done for me over the past 25 years. Now, the question is, is the music that powerful, or am I just too easy to inspire? Both I guess.
Avoiding Injuries When Playing Guitar
To avoid any sort of injuries when playing guitar a common sense approach is recommended. Just what do I mean by that?Well, there are many simple and obvious precautions you can take that will prevent most injuries.
Six Reasons to Play New Age Piano
Here are six very good reasons to learn how to play piano in the New Age style:1. It's easy.
Buying a Violin
"How do I buy a violin, (or fiddle)?"That question has risen to the top of the fiddle FAQ list, even above "What's the difference between a violin and a fiddle?"This is an account of how Richard Blackwell, my student, actually purchased a violin.He had been using a good quality student violin on loan from his sister.
Is Your Child Capable of Composing Music? Maybe the Next Mozart?
We've all heard of them. Child prodigies who begin composing music at some ridiculously young age.
Interview With Josh Epstein of Vision Music USA
Vision Music USA is a proactive and progressive music service firm with the interest of their clients the driving force that makes them successful. President Josh Epstein and CEO Nick Stamoulis are focused on helping the Independent artists to maintain control of their career by saving them time and their hard-earned dollars.
Music Mini Course: Learn The Basics Of Reading Music On A Keyboard Instrument
Welcome to the wonderful world of music. As you begin reading this Music Mini Course it is fun to realize that you are also participating in a very important cultural aspect from around the world which has been going on for centuries.
Solid-Bodied Gretsch Corvette Guitar
The Solid-bodied Corvette (not to be confused with the Corvette hollow-body arch-top electric, produced from 1955-1959) was Gretsch's answer to the Les Paul Jr. by Gibson.
Why Learning How to Improvise is So Important
Imagine asking a beginning writer to write a short story from scratch. Our writer does not yet have much experience in writing but accepts the challenge and begins to plunge ahead.
History of the Clarinet From the 19th Century
While composers had already begun to write music for the clarinet, such as Mozart with the Clarinet Concerto and Clarinet Quintet, it was the 19th century that saw an explosion of use of the clarinet in the music of most composers of the day. This was mainly due to two factors.
New M3 with Competition Package
The new competition package available for the BMW M3 is almost sad as it is wonderful. With everyone knowing of the strong rumors of the M3's power plant changing to a V8, it's almost heart breaking to think about the legendary straight 6 cylinder being laid to rest.
14 Ways Musicians Can Increase Their Tips
I was listening to NPR the other day when they did a report on tipping in the restaurant industry. One they had a list of tips on how wait staff can increase their tips.
home | site map
All articles are copyright to their owners.
Note: this website lists articles, We do not Write Articles !